Earth Science: Geology


Earth Science-Geology

Purpose

  • earthScience-01Relevancy of earth science and its impact (Webelos Den Leader Guide p. 189)
  • Gain understanding of geological events and learn about geological features in their own state (Webelos Den Leader Guide p. 189)
  • earthScience-02Understand the formation of fossils (Wolf Den Leader Guide p. 119)
  • Encourages interest in STEM-related subjects, as encourage by the BSA (http://www.scouting.org/stem/AboutSTEM.aspx)
  • Required for the Cub Scout World Conservation Award (Earth Rocks! only)
  • Can be used for Cub Scout NOVA Awards (http://www.scouting.org/stem/Awards.aspx)

    Digging Up the Past Fun, Food, and Games

earthScience-03Fun

  • Dino neckerchief slide: Obtain small dinosaur figures and glue onto a pvc pipe cut to be a narrow ring. Larger dinosaur heads can be cut off and glued onto a ring to make a 3-D dino neckerchief slide.
  • Decorations: Find a free printable ‘dinosaur crossing’ sign on the internet and post it on the door the scouts walk in through. This lets them know right away they are in for a great adventure this month! Set up a table with toy dinosaurs on it. Can serve as decorations and double as a gathering activity if they play with them.
  • DIY Dinosaur Eggs: You’ll see these all over the internet and recipes vary; some use coffee grounds, others say coffee grounds OR potting soil, one even uses straight baking soda. Make these in advance and let your scouts crack their own egg open.

Games

  • Long Dinosaur Tail: A leader or scout is chosen as “it.” It runs around the play area trying to tag other kids. Once tagged, they hold hands and continue tagging others, becoming a dinosaur tail. They keep tagging players until the last one becomes “it”, and the game starts over.
  • Extinct Dinosaurs (Dino version of Sardines): Someone is chosen to be “it” and this boy hides while all the other players count to 20. When they are done counting, players look for the extinct dinosaur. When a player finds the extinct dinosaur, they hide quietly with him until all the players but one joins them. The player left becomes “it,” or the extinct dinosaur.
  • T-Rex and Triceratops (Dino version of Sharks and Minnows): A leader or boy is chosen as “it” or T-Rex. The other players are all Triceratops dinosaurs. T-Rex calls out, “Dinosaurs, dinosaurs come out and play” and all the triceratops walk around the play area. T-Rex then calls out, “T-Rex attack!” All triceratops try to run to the opposite side of the playing area without being tagged. Any Triceratops tagged become a T-Rex and help him continue to tag more Triceratops. When only one Triceratops is left, he becomes the new T-Rex and the game starts over.

Food

  • Jello Dino Cup: Pour jello in a clear plastic cup. When jello is thickened but not set yet, place a dinosaur gummi or fruit snack in and let it sink a bit. Finish refrigerating and serve at den meeting for the boys to “excavate.”
    Photo Credit: frogsandsnailsandpuppydogtail.com
  • earthScience-04Sugar Cookie Fossil Cast: (Requirement 3) Instead of using clay as suggested in the Wolf Handbook, use a batch of sugar cookie dough. Bake the cookies and eat them at the end of den meeting.Dino Bones: This is a take-off of the bone treats you see frequently at Halloween. For instructions, visit http://frogsandsnailsandpuppydogtail.com/fun-candy-bone-snack-for-kids/.
    Photo Credit: Julie Finn craftingagreenworld.com
  • earthScience-05Dinosaur Fruit Snacks (check for Western Family, Kroger, and Betty Crocker Create a Dino)Fruit and Cheese Dinosaurs (http://craftingagreenworld.com/2013/05/13/how-to-healthy-fruit-and-cheese-dinosaurs/2/)
  • Dinosaur Dirt Cups: Using clear plastic cups, pour in chocolate pudding, cover with a layer of crushed Oreos or graham crackers and stick a clean, small toy dinosaur on top.

Resources

  • Thanksgiving Point Dinosaur Museum: Located out of council, it does require a tour permit but has recently added new exhibits related to fossils and has the “quarry dig” area. It is cost prohibitive but they do offer $2 Tuesdays in August.
  • Utah Geologic Survey offers many resources. For more information go to http://geology.utah.gov/teachers/teaching-kits/
    • Dinosaur Kit: contains 36 cast specimens, including skin impressions, teeth, claws, and a Stegosaurus plate (requires fully refundable deposit)

Earth Rocks! Fun, Food, and More

Fun

Turn the pet rock suggested as a gathering activity into a neckerchief slide by hot gluing a pvc pipe cut into a ring onto the back. Boys can proudly wear their pet rocks to den and pack meetings. (Cub scouts may not use glue guns-glue the pvc ring on after the activity)

Food

Photo Credit: karaspartyideas.com

earthScience-06Rock Cookies

Ingredients

3/4 cup butter, softened
1 cup powdered sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1 teaspoon almond extract
2 and 1/4 cups of flour
1/4 teaspoon of salt

Directions

Preheat oven to 375 degrees Fahrenheit. Mix all the ingredients together until the dough is well incorporated. Form into rock shaped cookies with clean hands (makes about eight 3-4” cookies).

Bake on a greased cookie sheet for 10 minutes or until they begin to brown. Remove from the oven and cool completely.
Combine 1 cup powdered sugar, 1 tablespoon milk, 1 drop of black food coloring, and a tiny drop of green food coloring together until you have reached your desired color and consistency…add more powdered sugar or milk if needed. Using a basting brush, paint glaze onto cooled cookies until evenly spread.

(http://www.karaspartyideas.com/2013/08/geologist-rock-themed-birthday-party.html)

Edible Rocks

Part snack, part lesson, try out this edible rock experiment: http://www.123homeschool4me.com/2014/05/earth-science-experiments-for-kids.html

Nitty-Gritty

DIY Moh’s Test Kit with cost breakdown

  • Penny-Must be pre 1982 because they are no longer copper.(free)
  • Small piece of glass-Use glass in an old picture frame. (free)
  • Metal file or pocketknife-Another option is a nail. (free)
  • Piece of unglazed tile-Can also use the back of a glazed tile; pick up an inexpensive subway tile from Home Depot or ask around for leftover tiles people may have. (free or $.22)
  • Small bottle of vinegar-Most will have a bottle in their kitchen. (free or $.94)
  • Eyedropper-Ask someone with an infant for an old dropper from a baby tylenol or purchase in the eye care section of the store (free or $1.47 for 2 at Wal-Mart)
  • Rocks-Can be purchased online, found on BLM land or contact countertop companies (granite, quartz, and marble) and ask for small discards. You can also purchase small stones through a company like American Stone and find 2-3” size rocks like quartzite, sandstone, granite, lava rock, and onyx. (varies to free)

Field Trips

At first glance, this may appear to be the most challenging part of this adventure but geological features are all over the valley!

earthScience-07earthScience-08
Credit: Utah Geologic Survey

  • Stockton Bar: South of Tooele, this is one of the most well preserved shorelines of Lake Bonneville. Drawings made of the sandbar as far back as 1877 look identical to the landscape today. This sight is well-known and popular among geologists throughout the nation. For more information, visit http://geology.utah.gov/map-pub/survey-notes/geosights/stockton-bar/
    Note all the geologic features in view
    Credit: Utah Geologic Survey
  • G.K. Gilbert Geologic View Park: Located at the mouth of Little Cottonwood Canyon, this park shows several geologic features easy for Webelos Scouts to identify. Included at the park are interpretive signs to help the most novice future geologist identify what they are seeing. For more information, http://geology.utah.gov/map-pub/survey-notes/geosights/g-k-gilbert-geologic-view-park/
  • Lisa Falls: Located in Little Cottonwood Canyon, this is a short hike that will take you to a waterfall. There are many websites that show how waterfalls are formed.
  • Rocky Mouth Falls: Located in Sandy, Utah by the mouth of Little Cottonwood Canyon, this .5 mile trail takes you to a waterfall; at one point you have to walk through a neighborhood to connect to the trail. Check out a website to learn how waterfalls are formed before you go. For more waterfall ideas, visit utahsadventurefamily.com where they specifically list easy waterfall hikes.
    Visual explanation of Warm Springs from Utah Geologic Survey
  • earthScience-09Wasatch Warm Springs: Located at Warm Springs Park in Salt Lake, the water that comes from the springs runs down the mountains but also up through the Warm Springs Fault Geothermal area. Water temperatures average between 100-108 degrees. The park is currently under renovation; plans include interpretive signs of the springs.The Great Salt Lake: Basic information is available to explain its geological history here: http://files.geology.utah.gov/online/pdf/pi-8.pdf
  • Jordan River Parkway: There are several spots where the river meanders (a curve caused by erosion). Several excellent spots where it meanders are north and south of 3900 South, 11400 South, and 12300 South. There are several excellent videos that explain a meandering river on YouTube.
    earthScience-10earthScience-11
    Left: Meander south of 12600 South; Right: Meander at 3900 South
  • Building Stones of Salt Lake City Tour: (Fulfills Earth Rocks! Requirement 6B) The Utah Geological Survey put together a self-guided walking tour in downtown Salt Lake City, all within seven blocks. If a field trip downtown isn’t feasible, they also have a great slide show of it with short explanations that are expandable. When visiting the website, click on ‘Start the Tour!’ button. http://geology.utah.gov/popular/places-to-go/geologic-guides/building-stones-of-downtown-salt-lake-city/

Resources

  • Utah Geologic Survey offers many resources. For more information go to http://geology.utah.gov/teachers/teaching-kits/
    • Website: geology.utah.gov
    • Rock, Mineral, and Fossils Kit: includes over 70 samples including a Moh’s kit (requires fully refundable deposit)
    • Dinosaur Kit: contains 36 cast specimens, including skin impressions, teeth, claws, and a Stegosaurus plate (requires fully refundable deposit)
    • Professional Geologists: The geologists are great to talk to over the phone. You can even schedule an appointment to meet with one. They can help you with field trip ideas close to where you live and give you ideas for local areas to find rocks Contact them at 801-537-3300.
  • Tooele Gem and Mineral Society: They host a free rock and gem show towards the end of September.
  • Rockhounders Outreach for Community Knowledge (R.O.C.K): Located in the Salt Lake Valley, they will come present. A donation towards the group is appreciated.
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