First Responder


Adult First Aid Training and
First Aid for Cub Scouts

By Craig Minnick

16_firstaid

Download class handout as PDF (474 kb)

Be prepared to calm the fears of your Cub Scouts by assessing and treating basic injuries. This class will cover basic First Aid Cub Scout style. Based on the Webelos Adventure – First Responder, though anyone can benefit from this class. You will have the chance to put the Scout motto “Be prepared” into practice. You will also gain the skills necessary
to teach first aid to Cub Scouts.

Requirements for First Responder (First Aid for Webelos)

  1. Explain what first aid is. Tell what you should do after an accident. First Aid is the care given somebody immediately
    after accident, Injury or medical emergency. Following an accident you should

    • Check for scene safety
    • Calm down and think
    • Call for help
    • Care – provide first aid
  2. Show what to do for the hurry case of first aid:
    1. Serious Bleeding
      • Stop bleeding with bandage
    2. Heart Attack or sudden cardiac arrest
      • Recognize signs and symptoms of heart attack
      • Learn and practice CPR (time is muscle)
    3. Stopped Breathing
      • If somebody is not breathing, know how to breath for them
    4. Stroke
      • Recognize the signs and symptoms of stroke
      • Get them to Hospital immediately (time is brain)
    5. Poisoning
      • If poison is ingested, it must be made less harmful, quickly
      • Poison Control 1-800-222-1222
  3. Show how to help a choking victim
    • Heimlich Maneuver
    • Self rescue techniques
  4. Show how to treat for shock.
    • Understand what shock is – poor blood flow
    • Raise feet calm person
  5. Demonstrate that you know how to treat the following:
    1. Cuts and Scratches
      • Wash with soap and water, bandage with ointment
    2. Burns and scalds
      • Remove person from what is causing burn
      • Assess burn
      • Never apply butter, oils, eggs or other oily or fatty liquids that trap heat and can worsen damage
    3. Sunburn
      • Can be prevented with use of Sunscreen
      • Aloe can reduce discomfort
    4. Blisters on the hand and foot
      • Mole skin can help prevent blisters and protect them
    5. Tick bites
      • Remove with tweezers using gentle pull
      • Never use matches, heat or chemicals to remove ticks
    6. Bites and stings of other insects
      • If non venomous treat as cut wash and bandage
      • Venomous bites will most often require ER visit
      • Know dangers in your area
    7. Venomous Snakebites
      • Know dangers in your area
      • Keep person calm and remove any constricting jewelry
      • Get person to ER H. Nosebleed
      • Pinch nose for at least 20 minutes while leaning forward
    8. Frostbite
      • Recognize what frostbite looks like
      • Carefully rewarm affected area
      • Never rub area
  6. Put together a simple first-aid kit. Explain what you included and how to use each item correctly.
    • Keep it simple band-aids, ointment, bandaging
  7. Create and practice an emergency readiness plan for your home or Den meeting place.
    • Have them draw a simple map of home and recognize escape areas and a meet-up spot
  8. Visit with a first responder.
    • Contact local fire and EMS agencies listed below

Teaching First Aid for Bleeding

Create a fun way to get boys excited about first aid by creating some costume blood.

16_firstaid_fakebloodFake Blood Recipe

½ cup corn syrup
1 teaspoon cocoa powder
½ teaspoon red food coloring

Put the Scouts in teams, squirt a small amount of fake blood on an arm, leg, foot and have them race to see who can bandage fastest and best. I give 2 points for team that is done first and 3 points for team that does the best job. They quickly learn to do a good job quick.

The key to bandaging is to control bleeding using compression without cutting off blood flow.

  1. Apply a 2X2 or 4X4 gauze over the open wound.
  2. Using “kerlix” or gauze rolls begin to wrap over the wound.
  3. Tape or tuck the bandaging at the end of the roll.
  4. Check for circulation by verifying pulse or capillary refill
    (Capillary refill is checked by pressing on nail beds and seeing them turn white And then back to normal pink color within 2 seconds.)

16_firstaid_emergencypreparednessawardThe Emergency Preparedness Award

The Emergency Preparedness award can be earned by all youth and adult leaders registered with Scouts. Its requirements are all age-appropriate and the award can be earned multiple times as boys progress through
scouting. You can access the requirements at http://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/Media/Publications/EmergencyPreparedness/award.aspx

Boy Scouts,Varsity, Venturer and adult Scouters must also complete FEMA’s ICS-100 course which is an introduction
to incident command. These requirements are found at https://training.fema.gov/is/courseoverview.aspx?code=IS-100.b

With the increased likelihood of Utah experiencing a major earthquake or other unknown natural disaster it is important for us
as leaders to prepare our youth as well as ourselves for such a scenario.

Local First Responder Contacts

Unified Fire Authority
801-562-9129

South Jordan Fire Department
801-254-0948

West Jordan Fire Department
801-260-7300

Sandy City Fire Department
801-568-2930

Gold Cross Ambulance
801-972-3600

Salt Lake City Fire Department
801-799-3473

West Valley City Fire Department
801-963-3336

South Salt Lake Fire Department
801-483-6043

Davis County Sheriff Paramedics
801-451-4100

South Davis Metro Fire
801-677-2400

Farmington Fire Department
801-451-2842

Would you like more information?

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